“Fashion is not something that exists in dresses only. Fashion is in the sky, in the street, fashion has to do with ideas, the way we live, what is10-11 класс
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is an island country. The British Isles include two islands; Great Britain and Ireland and about five thousand small islands. The country consists of four parts; England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The country is washed by the English Channel, the North Sea, the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The main rivers are the Severn, the Thames and the Trent. The climate of Great Britain is wet. The sea keeps the island warm in winter and makes the air cool in summer. So in England it is never too hot or too cold.
Great Britain is a monarchy, but it is a constitutional monarchy. The power of the queen is limited by the Parliament. The British Parliament consists of two chambers; the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The prime Minister is usually the leader of the party that has majority in the House of Commons.
The capital of the United Kingdom is London. It is a large and beautiful city. There are a lot of wonderful sights there, e.g. the Tower of London. In ancient times it was a citadel, a prison, an armoury. Nowadays the Tower is a museum. Here we can see the national collection of armour, the Crown Jewels and Royal Regalia. The Tower is still guarded by Yeomen Warders, the famous beefeaters, who wear a traditional sixteenth century uniform. The Tower Bridge was opened in 1894. It is a famous monument to the ingenuity of the man. The bridge weighs about 1000 tons, but it can be raised in some minutes to let the ships go in and out of the Pool pf London.
a lot and makes me feel a kind of disadvantaged. The point is that there is no sense of family in our house. We never fight with each other, and there are no family rows. We try not to get on each other's nerves, but we never do anything together. Everyone is preoccupied with their own business. Mum normally does some cooking, looks through some papers or discusses something with her collegues on the phone. Dad either watches TV or upgrades his car. My brother, who is eight, draws something or plays computer games. As for me, I just feel bored and lonely. To conceal it I pretend to be very busy with my homework, or go out even when I don't feel like doing it at all. Is it the same in other families? If you happen to have some ideas on how to help us. I'd really appreciate it. What could we do together to feel that we are together.
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doing something together is crucial to family happiness...
from my personal experience i can say that...
i can honestly say...
it can be interesting to different generations...
to involve everyone in...
i suppose everyone will enjoy...
why dont you arrange...
you can try...
it will give you a feeling...
if it doesn't work...
born every second,but this one will mark world population reaching six billion.The five-billionth baby isn`t even a teenager yet, having been born in 1987. It took all of human history until 1800 for the population to reach its first billion; the second took only until 1930. A mere 69 years later, six billion will be crowding the planet.
In 1999. The population of the world is twice what it was in 1960. Onetenth of all the people who have ever lived on the planet are alive today. We are adding new humans at a rate of 78 million year, and we will continue to do so for most of the next decade. Statistics like these are frightening, but they aren’t the whole population picture. The good news is that fertility rates are declining rapidly all over the world (with the exception of Africa), and have already reached below replacement levels in most industrialised countries. On average, women around the world today have 2.7 children, a dramatic drop from the five they had in the 1950s.
97 per cent of population growth is occurring in developing countries, where health services and family planning remain scarce. By 2050, the developed world will have 1.16 bn people, slightly fewer than today. But the developing world will have doubled, from 4.52 bn in 1995 to 8.2 bn in 2050.
The world’s poorest countries are also the hardest-hit by global disasters like Aids. In the 29 African countries most affected by HIV, average life expectancy has declined by seven years. In Botswana, where one in four is infected, people could expect to live until 61 in 1995. By 2005. Aids is expected to drop life expectancy to 41. Despite that, a phenomenon called “population momentum” will still double Botswana’s population by 2050.
This momentum occurs because the population is becoming not just economically polarised, but demographically polarised, but demographically polarised as well. In 1998, only 66 m people were over 80, but that figure is estimated to increase sixfold by 2050, reaching 370 m. The population has also got younger. The group of young women about to enter their childbearing years is the largest ever.
Momentum accounts for 60 to 70 per cent of population growth, but its impact can be blunted by actions we take today. Demographers point out that girls are stayling in school longer in most of the world, and that educated women want fewer children. Another positive trend, frequently seen in young women who’ve completed secondary school, is a delay in childbearing. If couples uniformly delayed marriage and their first birth by five years, demographers say, the population in 2050 would be two billion less than if they had not waited.
at the park /take the snake out/play with the snake/put it back in basket Terry/read book/15 minutes later/snake is not in the basket Paragraph3: Terry/look everywhere/start shouting/ call the police/people scared/everyone leave the park/ police can t find the snake Paradraph4; Terry sad/ drive home /notice/snake/sleep on car floor/ both happy
control? Desperate parents from all over the world are sending their difficult teenagers to behaviour camps in the Utah mountains, hoping that they will come back as the children they once knew and loved. Meet these three troubled teenagers. Will the tough therapy camp help them or will they return home the same rebellious brats? Ned, aged 16. Ned has always argued with his mother and no longer lives at home. 'I lie, steal, and cheat. I've got a drug problem he says. 'I hate everything. ' His dad died when he was nine. His mother says, 'He's going to end up in prison, and it'll be my fault'. Emily, aged 15 Emily was a happy girl who did well at school. Now she plays truant all the time. Her behaviour changed at 13, when her mother remarried. She drinks a lot, stays out all night, and bullies her mother. 'It's my life and I can do what I want,' she says. Jamie, aged 17 Jamie is a very intelligent boy, but five schools asked him to leave in just three years. His parents are divorced. I fight a lot, he says. 'I'm going to end up in prison or seriously hurt if I don't go to this camp. I hope it helps. Far away from the outside world, the teenagers have to give up all the things from their old lives, including body piercings, cigarettes, music, mobile phones, and their fashionable clothes. There are a lot of rules to follow and physical activity is very important. They go on long hikes through the mountains, and sleep in tents at night. They learn to look after themselves and each other and be responsible. They discuss their problems with the camp psychologist, who decides when they are ready to go home. The average time is ten weeks. Ned felt very ill at first, as he couldn't take drugs any more. 'It was tough, but I feel better now. I don't feel depressed any more. I'm really looking forward to seeing my family. I'd love to live at home again,' he says. Emily had to take out all of her 18 body piercings. She was shocked by camp life and cried all the time. 'I hated camp, but I've learnt that everything I do affects other people. I'm sorry I was so horrible to my mum. I hope I can go back to school. I want to be a nurse. ' At first Jamie had terrible problems following orders from the camp staff. But then he began to enjoy the outdoor life. He says, 'It was an incredible experience. I've got more self-control now. I'm going to pin the army. '
and better medical care the average person will live to 90 or 100 instead of 70 and 75 like today. When the human genome is decoded, we'll probably live up to 150. Incurable diseases will be cured and "bad" genes replaced.
But that's tomorrow. And today, we continue to stuff ourselves with fast food — chips and pizzas, hamburgers and hot dogs. We are always in a hurry.
We have no time to enjoy a home-cooked dinner with family and friends. We want to eat now and we want to eat fast.
What is tasty is not always healthy. Doctors say that chips and pizzas are fattening, cola spoils our teeth and coffee shortens our lives.
If we eat too much, we'll become obese, and obesity leads to heart disease, diabetes and other serious illnesses. But the world today is getting fatter and fatter. America is the world's leader in obesity, but Europe is quickly catching up.
Lack of exercise is another serious problem. We spend hours in front of our computers and TV-sets. Few of us do morning exercises. We walk less, because we prefer to use cars or public transport.
Research shows, however, that young people who don't take enough exercise often suffer from heart attacks.
It's common knowledge that smoking and drinking can shorten our lives dramatically. Cigarette-smoking, for example, kills about 3 million people every year. Many of them die from lung cancer. Some aren't even smokers. They are people who live or work with heavy smokers.
Yet many young people smoke and drink. Why? One answer is that tobacco and drinks companies invest enormous sums of money in advertising their products. For them cigarettes and alcoholic drinks mean money. For us they mean disease and even death.
We all know that the healthier we are, the better we feel. The better we feel, the longer we live. So why not take care of ourselves?
scientist ['saiantist] ученый healthy ['helSi] здоровый
lifestyle [laifstail] образ жизни
medical care ['medikl ,kea] медицинское обслуживание
average ['aevarids] средний
human ['hju:man] человек; человеческий
genome ['d3i:naum] генетический код, геном
to decode [,di:'kau<3] расшифровывать, декодировать
incurable [in'kjuarabl] неизлечимый
disease [di'zi:z] болезнь
to cure ['kjua] лечить, излечивать
gene ['d3i:n] ген
to replace [ri'pleis] заменять
to stuff [sUf] oneself with зд. набивать желудки
pizza ['pi:tsa] пицца
hamburger ['haembaiga] гамбургер
fattening ['faetnirj] способствующий ожирению,
cola f'kaula] кола
to spoil [spoil] портить
obese [au'bi:s] тучный
diabetes [,daia'bi:ti:z] диабет
to catch up догонять
lack [laek] нехватка
to prefer [pri'fa:] предпочитать
research [ri'saitj] исследование
to suffer f'SAfa] страдать
heart attack ['ha:t a,taek] сердечный приступ
it's common knowledge ['nolidj] общеизвестно
dramatically [dra'maetikali] резко
lung cancer ['!AQ ,kaensa] рак легких
heavy smoker заядлый курильщик
tobacco [ta'baekau] табак; табачный
to invest [invest] инвестировать, вкладывать
enormous [i'no:mas] огромный
to advertise ['aedvataiz] рекламировать
product ['prodAkt] продукт, товар
alcoholic [,aelka'holik] алкогольный
1. Do you think people will live longer in the future?
2. Do you believe that one day genetic engineers will be able to correct "gene" mistakes?
3. Do you like fast food? Is it tasty?
4. Why is fast food bad for us?
5. What illnesses does obesity lead to?
6. Are Europeans getting fatter?
7. The USA is the world's leader in obesity, isn't it?
8. Do you take regular exercise?
9. How often do you go for a walk?
10. Do you spend much time in front of your TV-set?
11. Why is smoking dangerous?
12. In some countries tobacco and alcohol advertising has been banned (to ban запрещать). Do you think it's a good idea?
13. Is passive smoking dangerous?
14. Would you like to live a long life?