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Ответить на вопросы по тексту THE SYSTEM OF LAW IN OUR COUNTRY Law is а system of rules established by the

10-11 класс


The main aim of law is to consolidate and safeguard the social and state system and its economic foundation.

The system of law in our country consists of different branches of law.

Constitutional law is a leading branch of the whole system of law. Its principal source is the country’s Constitution. It deals with social structure, the state system, organization of state power and the legal status of citizens.
Administrative law is closely connected with constitutional law but it deals with legal forms of concrete executive and administrative activity of the government and ministries.

Financial law regulates the budget, taxation, state credits and other spheres of financial activity.

Civil law is connected with relations in the economic sphere of social life, with relations involving property, its distribution and exchange. The right в property is the central institution of civil law.

The rules of labour law include the legislation on the labour of industrial and office workers and matters arising from labour relations.

Criminal law defines the general principles of criminal responsibility, individual types of crimes and punishment applied to criminals. Criminal law takes the form of а criminal code consisting of а general and special part.

Ответьте на вопросы

1. What is law? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2. What is the main aim of law? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. What branches of law does the system of law in our country consist of? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. What does each branch of law deal with? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Olga131086 23 сент. 2013 г., 3:03:01 (6 лет назад)
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23 сент. 2013 г., 4:46:16 (6 лет назад)

1)Law is a system of rules established by state.


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Ответьте на вопросы по тексту полным ответом.. Текст:The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles.

It consists of four parts: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. England, Wales and Scotland occupy the territory of Great Britain. Northern Ireland is situated in the northern part of Ireland. The territory of the United Kingdom is about 244,000 square kilometres, it takes the 75th place among other countries in the world. The population is more than 57 million. About 80% of the population is urban. The capital of the country is London. Great Britain is separated from the continent by the English Channel which is 34 km wide in its narrowest point. The country is also washed by the North Sea, the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The surface of Great Britain varies greatly. The northern and western parts of the country is mountainous and is called the Highlands. All the rest (south, east and centre) is a vast plain which is called the Lowlands. The mountains are not very high. The rivers are not long. The most important of them are the Severn, the Thames, the Trent . There are many beautiful lakes in the mountainous parts of the country. The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of the Gulf Stream influence the climate of Great Britain. It is mild the whole year round. Great Britain is a highly developed industrial country. It is known as one of the world's largest producers and exporters of iron and steel products, machinery and electronics, chemicals and textile, aircraft and navigation equipment. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding. 7 per cent of the population is engaged in farming. Great Britain is a country with old cultural traditions and customs. The most famous educational centres are Oxford and Cambridge universities. They are considered to be the intellectual centres of Europe. The education is not free, it is very expensive. The United Kingdom is a monarchy and the Queen is the head of the state. But in practice it is ruled by the

elected government with a Prime Minister at the head. The British Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. It sits in the House of Parliament in Westminster.

There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the Labour, the Conservative and the Liberal parties. The Labour party with Antony Blair at the head is the ruling party nowadays. There’s no written constitution in Great Britain only precedents and traditions.


1. What is the official name of Great Britain?

2. Where is the U. K. situated?

3. What parts does it consist of?

4. What is the territory and the population of the United Kingdom?

5. What city is the capital of the U. K.?

6. What is the surface of the country?

7. Are there any big rivers and lakes?

8. Why is the climate of the British Isles milder than that of the Continent?

9. The United Kingdom is a highly developed industrial country, isn’t it?

10. What goods does the British industry produce?

11. What industrial cities are there in Great Britain?

12. What outstanding people of Great Britain do you know?

13. Are there any big educational establishments in Great Britain?

14. Great Britain is a constitutional monarchy, isn’t it?

15. What is the name of the Queen of Great Britain?

16. Is her power limited by Parliament?

17. How many chambers does the British Parliament consist of? What are they?

18. What are the main political parties in Great Britain?

19. Who is the Prime Minister of Great Britain?

20. Which political party does he represent?

Заранее спасибо!

Срочно!Помогите пожалуйста!!! нужен перевод 1 и 3 абзацы ( не по переводчику) . + ответить на вопросы. PUBLIC BEHAVIOR IN THE UNITED


1. Britons, and the English in particular, are notoriously undemonstrative. The “stuff upper lip” is not just the stuff of fiction and emotional displays, positive or negative, are generally frowned upon. Gestures such as backslapping and hugging are discouraged and a wide distance should be maintained between participants in a conversation. Maintaining eye contact may be necessary when you are trying to emphasize important points but you must avoid any temptation to “eye-ball”. Talking loudly is unacceptable and shouting is beyond the pale. Some old-fashioned interlocutors may not hear you if you have your hands in your pockets. The British do not gesticulate frantically.

2. Introductions can be tricky. Ideally the British prefer third-party introductions but in certain situations, like a drinks party, it may not always be possible and, though awkward, you may just have to go ahead and introduce yourself. Firm handshakes are the norm as part of a formal introduction but may not be expected at subsequent meetings or on social occasions; a gentleman should always wait for a woman to proffer her hand before squeezing it gently. The continental habit of exchanging kisses has gained currency especially amongst the young and the affected but is not recommended for visitors – even the natives are unsure of the correct procedure.

3. “How do you do?” is a greeting not a question. It is used when people are introduced for the first time only and the correct response is to repeat “How do you do?” which is a more or less sincere enquiry as to your well-being.

4. This emotional detachment or even apparent indifference also explains the British abhorrence of Americanisms such as “Have a nice day”. The objection lies not in the sentiment itself but in the lack of sincerity that is implied to the stand-offish British mentality.

5. If the British use few words, it is because they prefer to mean those they do use. They are polite and courteous for the most part. They expect to be treated with respect, in turn for which they will treat you with respect, so: – if there is a queue, go to the back of the line and wait patiently; - do not use the “V” – sign (raising the index and middle fingers) unless you are sure which is the Churchillian version signifying peace or victory (palm outwards); the use of the alternative version (palm inwards) is less common nowadays but is still vulgar and offensive.

6. A service charge of 10-15 % is almost always included in hotel and restaurant bills and you should be wary of establishments that leave the credit card slip open for you to include an additional contribution (if you wish to reward exceptional service give cash directly to the staff). Do not tip bar staff in pubs where there is no table service. Otherwise taxi drivers (especially in London), hairdressers, porters, etc. will expect 10-15 % or a couple of pounds, whichever is the greater.

IV. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту:

1. What kind of people are Britons?

2. What kind of introductions do the British prefer?

3. What does “How do you do?” mean in Britain?

4. What are the norms of public behaviour in Britain?

помогите ответить на вопросы по тексту:

So, you are students of South-Russia State
Technical University. Our congratulations!
You passed your entrance examinations
successfully and entered one of the best
and biggest Universities of our country.
The academic year consists of two terms:
the autumn term and the spring term. In
January and June the students have their
examinations. Teaching is by lectures,
seminars and practical laboratory classes.
Lectures are aimed at giving the basic
framework of knowledge. Seminars give the
opportunity for group discussion of a topic
with a member of academic staff. Laboratory classes in all faculties provide
the opportunity to gain essential practical
skills and are specifically organised so that
students learn by their own practical
The students study hard and have no free
time on week days. They study many
different subjects such as higher
mathematics, chemistry, physics, descriptive
geometry, strength of materials, informatics,
foreign languages, economics, history and
many others.
Highly-qualified lecturers and professors
help students in their studies. Well-
equipped laboratories and workshops are
at their disposal. Specialisation in senior
courses enables undergraduates to follow,
their own interests in a subject, for example
into pure research as a career or into
contemporary applications with the aim of a
career in industry.
The rapid expansion in information-
technology is reflected strongly in the
teaching and research programmes of the
University. Most students use computers as
an essential part of their courses.
There is a multitude of student activities at
the University: sports clubs, arts societies,
student societies etc. Numerous student
concerts, dance performances, exhibitions,
drama productions are held each year.
Undergraduates play various instruments,
take part in festivals, dramatic shows and
dancing parties.
A lot of students of our University take part
in social life of the University.
There are different sports clubs at our
University, such as track-and-field athletics,
gymnastics, basketball, volley-ball, football,
wrestling, boxing and others. Most of the
students go in for sport. They can do sports in sporting facilities - various gymnasiums,
sports grounds and a swimming pool.
SRSTU is recognised as one of the most
successful universities in the south of our
country in sporting competitions. There are
European and world champions among the
students of our University.

1.What university did you enter?
2.When do students have their examinations?
3.What are lectures aimed at?
4.What do seminars give?
5.What do laboratory classes provide?
6.What subjects do the students study?
7.What student activities are there at the university?
8.What can you tell about sport activities at the university?
9.Do you go in for sports?
10.What is your hobby?

Ответить на вопросы по тексту! Срочно!WОтветить на вопросы по тексту! Срочно!

What is pharmacy?

The word «pharmacy» comes from Greek and in the modem lan­guage means «a
drug». The civilization of the past contributed to our present knowledge by the
collection of drugs and medicinal prepara­tions. Pharmacy was an integral part
of medicine when preparative pharmaceutical techniques were simple. It became
an independent branch of medicine when an increasing variety of drugs and their
com­plex compositions demanded specialists familiar with such technologies.

However, only in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries chemical
knowledge advanced to the point at which it became capa­ble to contribute
significantly to pharmacology. The first and the most important was the
isolation in relatively pure chemical form of the active constituents of
plants. For example, in 1806 Sertumer iso­lated morphine from opium. It took
man over five thousand years to make this very important step.

The industrial revolution of the last century gave birth to syn­thetic
organic chemistry and established a new branch of knowledge necessary for the
synthesis of new drugs. At present pharmacy is de­fined as the art and science
of recognition, identification, collection, preparation, storage, test,
composition and distribution of all sub­stances used in preventive or in
curative medicine for people’s treat­ment. It includes different subjects, such
as physics, chemistry, bot­any, pharmacognosy, pharmacology, etc. which
pharmaceutical stu­dents master to become highly qualified pharmaceutists.

1. When did chemical knowledge advance to contribute
signifi­cantly to pharmacology?

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